Brooches 30.07.2012

Researching a Black and White Enamel 19th Century Brooch

Mourning, Mourning Brooch, Sentimental Brooch, 19th Century, Brooch, Hairwork, Glass, Black Enamel, White Enamel, Research

The style of this brooch shows a clear continuity from the late 18th Century and also outlines the changes of the first quarter of the 19th Century.

Black Enamel 19th Century Brooch

The black and white enamel bands across the border of the piece is highly reminiscent of pieces that had their genesis in the 1770s (see examples in the Rings section of Art of Mourning), however, the floral motifs to the gold edging of the piece and the memento itself shows the emerging Gothic Revival of the first quarter 19th century.

For more on the history of this period, please read these articles:

Gothic Revival in Culture and Jewellery: Part 1, c.1740-c.1850

Gothic Revival in Culture and Jewellery: Part 2, c.1850-c.1900

Gothic Revival in Culture and Jewellery: Part 3, Breaking Perceptions 

Black Enamel 19th Century Brooch


Owner and collector Sarah Nehama has done quite extensive research regarding the history of this piece. Below are documents pertaining to this research – click the number for corresponding imagery:
1. Portrait of Dr. Charles Cheever circa 1866. Dr. Cheever married another Haven sister, Adeline, 3 or 4 years after the death of Ann Mary. They had four children, none of which survived past childhood. Of the two sons he’s had with Ann Mary, only the youngest survived to adulthood, following in his father’s footsteps to become a physician. The second son drowned in the local river at age 12.
2. Excerpt from the memoir of Dr. Charles Cheever, published in Boston in 1854.
3. Pair of portraits of John Haven and Ann Woodward Haven (parents of the two sisters) by Gilbert Charles Stuart 1824 – formerly owned by the NY Public Library, sold at auction in 2005 ($132,000). Gilbert Stuart is most famous for his portrait of George Washington.
4. Home of Dr. Charles A. Cheever, husband of Ann Mary (Haven) Cheever- probably where she died, as he continued to live there after her death (in 1826) until 1850.
5. Second view of original home of Dr. Cheever.
6. Old photo of the original Haven family home built in 1800 (where the sisters grew up). Was demolished circa 1920.
7. Obituary of Ann Mary Haven Cheever from “The Journal”, Sat. June 24, 1826
8. Obituary of Augusta Haven.
9. Old photo of a room in the interior of the Haven family home
10. Old photo of a room in the interior of the Haven family home
11. My photo of Haven family plot, Proprieter’s Cemetery, Portsmouth, NH
12. Close up of tomb of Augusta Haven, buried along with her parents.
Link Ann Woodward is the two sisters’ mother- you can see a list of her children and reference the 2 sisters, Ann Mary, and Augusta, individually from there.

Courtesy: Sarah Nehama
Dedication: Ann Mary H. Cheever, died July 4 1826, aged 28 years / Augusta Haven, died June 18 1826, aged 21 years